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Referencing with APA: Examples A-B

Advertising

To be made up of:

Author/Organisation
Date viewed (and year)
Title of advert/brief description of advert (in italics)
Media type

In-text citation:

The advertisement by British Telecom (2012)…

Reference list:

British Telecom. (2012, November 19). Office relocation gremlins (advertisement on ITV3 Television).

Ancient Texts

To be made up of: 

Author
Year of publication
Title of book
Translator (if relevant)
Place of publication: publisher

In-text citation:

The epic tale by Homer (1997)…

Reference list:

Homer. (1997). The Iliad. In J. Davies (trans). London: Dover Publications.

Anthology

To be made up of:

Authors/editors
Year of publication
Title of anthology (in italics)
Place of publication
Publisher

In-text citation:

In the work (Mead & Tranter, 1991)…

Reference list:

Mead, C. & Tranter, J. (Eds.). (1991). The Penguin Book of Modern Australian Poetry. London: Bloodaxe Books.

Artwork

To be made up of:

Artist
Date
Title (in italics)
Medium
Location of art work
Art Gallery title (or similar)
 
In-text citation:

Around 1944, Frances Bacon produced a painting that ....(Bacon, c1944)

Reference list:

Bacon, F. (c1944). Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion [oil paint on 3 boards]. London:  Tate Britain.

Atlas

To be made up of:

Author/editor
Year of publication
Title of atlas (in italics)
Edition (if relevant)
Place of publication: publisher

In-text citation:

As illustrated in the text (Wiegand, 2012, p. 37)…

Reference list:

Wiegand, P. (2012). Oxford School Atlas. 3rd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Audio Book

To be made up of:

Author/Editor
Year of publication
Title of audiobook
Media type

In-text citation:

Fry (2004) was emphatic in his description of the beast.

Reference list:

Fry, S. (2004). The Hippopotamus [Audiobook].

Bible

To be made up of:

Source type
Book of the Bible
Chapter: verse 

In-text citation:

It was found in the Beatitudes (Matthew 5:3-12)…

Reference list:

King James Bible. Matthew 5:3-12.

Bibliography

To be made up of:

Author/editor
Year of publication
Title of bibliography
Publication details

In-text citation:

Lifeson (1981) noted the key research…

Reference list:

Lifeson, A. (1981). Select bibliographies of Canadian autobiographies. Toronto: University of Toronto, School of Librarianship.

Bill

To be made up of:

House of…
Year of publication 
Title (in italics)
Bill number
Publication details

In-text citation:

It is clear that the Green Belt Bill (House of Commons, 1999)…

Reference list:

House of Commons. (1999). Green Belt Bill (Bills 1999-2000). London: The Stationary Office.

Bibliography

To be made up of:

Author/editor
Year of publication
Title of bibliography
Publication details

In-text citation:

Lifeson (1981) noted the key research…

Reference list:

Lifeson, A. (1981). Select bibliographies of Canadian autobiographies. Toronto: University of Toronto, School of Librarianship.

Birth /Death /Marriage Certificate

To be made up of:

Name of person (in single quotation marks)
Year of event Certified copy of… certificate for… (in italics)
Full name of person (in italics)
Date of event (in italics)
Application number from certificate
Location of Register Office
IF ONLINE:
Retrieved from… URL

In-text citation:

Jayne was born in Pontefract (‘Jayne Seaman’, 1966)…

Reference list:

‘Jayne Seaman’. (1966). Certified copy of birth certificate for Jayne Seaman, 20 December 1966 (application number 5001977/D). Pontefract Register Office, UK.

Blog

To be made up of:

Author (surname followed by initials)
Year and date of post (in round brackets)
Title of post
[Blog post]
Retrieved from URL

 

In-text citation:

No evidence was suggested (Davidson, 2013) in the wake of the bombings.

Reference list:

Davidson, A. (2013, April 16). The Saudi marathon man [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/the-saudi-marathon-man

Book, Printed (One Author)

To be made up of:
 
Author/editor
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title (in italics)
Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)
Place of publication: publisher
 

In-text citation:

According to the British consulate (Guy, 2001, p. 37)…

In-text citation: Book by same author in same year

(Kubler-Ross, 1993a)

(Kubler-Ross, 1993b)

Reference list:

Guy, J. (2001). The view across the river: Harriette Colenso and the Zulu struggle against imperialism. Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia.


Reference list: Book by same author in same year

Kubler-Ross, E. (1993a). AIDS: The ultimate challenge. New York, NY: Collier Books.

Kubler-Ross, E. (1993b). Questions and answers on death and dying. New York, NY: Collier Books.

Book, Printed (Two or Three Authors)

To be made up of:
 
Author/editor
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title (in italics)
Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)
Place of publication: publisher
 

In-text citation:

Research by Banerjee and Watson (2011) suggests…

Some teachers found that ... (Reiss & White, 2013)

Reference list:

Banerjee, A., & Watson, T.F. (2011). Pickard’s manual of operative dentistry (9th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Reiss, M.J., & White, J. (2013). An aims-based curriculum: the significance of human flourishing for schools. London: IOE Press.

Books, Printed (Three to Seven Authors)

To be made up of:

Author/editor

Year of publication (in round brackets)

Title (in italics)

Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)

Place of publication: publisher

Series and volume number (where relevant)

 

In-text citation:
 

This was proved by Dym et al. (2009)…

This was shown by Woodin et al. (2013)...

Reference list:

Dym, C.L., Little, P., Orwin, E.J., & Spjut, R.E. (2009). Engineering design: a project-based introduction. 3rd edn. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. 

Woodin, T., McCulloch, G., & Cowan, S. (2013). Secondary education and the raising of the school-leaving age: coming of age? Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Books, Printed (Eight or More Authors)

To be made up of:

Authors/Editors
Title of book
Edition (in round brackets)
Place of publication: publisher

List the first six authors then an ellipsis (i.e. three dots) then the last author in the reference.

In-text citation:

The evidence was clear (Standing et al., 2004)...

(Jones et al., 1984)

Reference list:

Standing, S., Ellis, H., Healy, J. C., Johanson, D., Williams, A., Collins, P., . . . Shah, P. (Eds.). (2004). Gray's anatomy: The anatomical basis of clinical practice (39th ed.). Edinburgh, Scotland: Churchill Livingston.

Jones, E., Farina, A., Hastorf, A., Markus, H., Miller, D., & Scott, R. (1984). Social stigma: The psychology of marked relationships. New York: W. H. Freeman.

Book (Edited)

To be made up of:

Editor
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title (in italics)
Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)
Place of publication: publisher
 
In-text citation:


This was clearly shown by Al-Sabbagh (2015)…

(Snyder, 1999)

Reference list:

Al-Sabbagh, M. (Ed.). (2015). Complications in implant dentistry. Series: Dental clinics of North America. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.

Snyder, C. R. (Ed.). (1999). Coping: The psychology of what works. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Book (Authors and Editors)

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title (in italics)
Editors
Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)
Place of publication: publisher

In text citation:

Lucas (2004) highlights that…

Reference list:

Lucas, G. (2004). The wonders of the Universe. F. Jones, J. Smith & T. Bradley (eds.). London: Smiths.

Book, Printed (No Author)

To be made up of:

Title (in italics)
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Edition (only include the edition number if it is not the first edition)
Place of publication: publisher

In-text citation:

It was clear (Medicine in old age, 1985, p. 74)…

Reference list:

Medicine in old age. (1985). (2nd ed.). London: British Medical Association.

Book (from digital repository)

To be made up of:

Author(s)
Year of publication
Title of book (in italics)
Publication details
Digital repository name

Reference books and journal articles in repositories should be referenced as for print versions.

 

In-text citation:

Several PhD candidates gave useful advice (Davids and Wright, 1999).

Reference list:

Davids, E. and Wright, I. (1999) Doing referencing. Birmingham: Reference-works.

Books, Printed (Part of a Series)

To be made up of:

Author/editor
(ed.) if relevant
Title of book
Title of series or edition

Year of publication
Place of publication: publisher

In-text citation:

The evidence was clear (Al-Sabbagh, 2015)...

...(Howitt & Cramer, 2008)...

Reference list:

Al-Sabbagh, M. (ed.). Complications in implant dentistry. Dental clinics of North America. (2015). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. 

Howitt, D., & Cramer, D. (2008). Introduction to research methods in psychology (2nd ed.). Harlow, England: FT Prentice Hall.

Book Illustrations, diagrams, logos and tables

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication
Title of book (in italics)
Place of publication: publisher
Original work published…(if relevant)

In-text citation:

Jones’ painting illustrated his immense skill (Bevin, 1997).

...(Bedford, 2001, p. 154)...

Reference list:

Bevin, A. (1997). Lost Welsh Treasures. London, UK: Davies Publishers. (Original work published 1785).

Bedford, P. (2001). Dingo dreaming [ochre on canvas]. Reproduced in McCulloch, S., & McCulloch Childs, E. (2008). McCulloch's contemporary Aboriginal art: The complete guide (p.154). Fitzroy, Vic: McCulloch & McCulloch Australian Art Books.

British Standards

To be made up of:

Name of authorising organisation
Year of publication
Number and title of standard (in italics)
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:

Attic conversions are subject to strict controls (British Standards Institution, 1998)…

Reference list:

British Standards Institution. (1998).  BS5678-9.8: structural use of timber: ceiling binders. Retrieved from http://www.standardsuk.com/