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Referencing with APA: Examples C-D

Cartoon

To be made up of:

Artist
Date published
Title of cartoon (in single quotation marks)
Media type
Newspaper/Comic title (in italics)
Publication details (if necessary)
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:         

Joe Bloggs (2013) highlighted the issue…

Reference list:

Bloggs, J. (2013, January 20) ‘The key issue’ [Cartoon]. The Times. Retrieved from http://www.times.co.uk/world/cartoon/2013/jan/20/bloggs

CD

To be made up of:

Artist
Year of production
Title of CD (in italics)
Media type
Production details

In-text citation:

The music industry has expanded greatly, and the ‘Now That’s What I Call Music’ series has proved this (Now that’s what I call music 91, 2015).

Reference list:

Various artists. (2015). Now that’s what I call music 91 [CD-ROM]. London: EMI Group Limited.

Census

To be made up of:

Name of person (in single quotation marks)
Year of census
Census return for ... (in italics)
Street, place, county (in italics)
Registration subdistrict (in italics)
Public Record Office:
Piece number, folio number, page number
OR if you retrieved the certificate online, add:
Retrieved from… URL 

In-text citation:

Mark Jones moved to York in the 1950s (‘Mark Jones’, 1956)…

Reference list:

‘Mark Jones’. Census return for Leeds Road, Bishopthorpe, York subdistrict, North Yorkshire. Public Record Office: PRO YO9/3765, folio 89, p. 8. Retrieved from http://www.ancestry.co.uk

Chapter in a book (online)

To be made up of:

Author(s)
(Year Published). 
Section title. 
In F. M. Last (Ed.), 
Book/anthology [E-reader version, if used] (pp. Pages). 
doi:# or Retrieved from URL

In-text citation:

It was clear (Serviss, 1911) that...

(Laurillard, 2008)

Reference list:

Serviss, G. P. (1911). A trip of terror. A Columbus of space. Retrieved from http://books.google.com

Bellow, S. (1999). A silver dish. In J. Updike & K. Kenison (Eds.), The best american short stories of the century. Retrieved from http://books.google.com

Laurillard, D. (2008). Open teaching: the key to sustainable open education. In T. Iiyoshi & M. Vijay Kumar (Eds.), Opening up education:  the collective advancement of education through open technology, open content, and open knowledge.  Retrieved from http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262033712chap21.pdf

Chapter in a book (print)

To be made up of:

Author(s)
(Year Published). 
Title of chapter In F. M. Last Editor (Ed.),
Title of book/anthology (pp. Pages). 
Publisher City, State: Publisher.

In-text citation:

It was evident (Serviss, 1911) that...

(Payne, 1999)

Reference list:

Serviss, G. P. (1911). A trip of terror. In A Columbus of space (pp. 17-32). New York, NY: Appleton.

Payne, S. (1999). 'Dangerous and different': Reconstructions of madness in the 1990s and the role of mental health policy. In S. Watson & L. Doyal (Eds.), Engendering social policy (pp. 180-195). Philadelphia, PA: Open University Press.

Clipart

To be made up of:

Title of clip art (in italics)
Media type
Year of publication (if relevant)
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:

The image of the dinosaur (Dinosaur, no date)…

Reference list:

Dinosaur (clip art). (no date). Retrieved from http://www.clipart.co.uk/cgibin/dinosaur

Cochrane Library Review

To be made up of:

Authors/editors
Year of publication
Title of review
Title of database (in italics)
Volume (in round brackets)
Page range
doi

In-text citation:

It was clear (Singh, Kour, & Mahesh, 2012)...

Reference list:

Singh, J., Kour, K., & Jayaram Mahesh, B. (2012). Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2012(1), 1–101. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007967.pub2

Collected Works

To be made up of:

Author
Date
Title (in italics)
Volumes (if relevant)
Place of publication
Publisher

In-text citation:

His collected works (Lee, 1976-1990) explain…

Reference list:

Lee, G. (Ed.). (1976-1990). Rush: The early years (Vols. 1-30)Toronto: Toronto Press.

Comics

To be made up of:

Artist/Comic
Date published
Title of comic (in single quotation marks)
Page reference (if relevant)
Publication details
 

In-text citation:

Dennis the Menace is still going strong (The Beano, 2015).

Reference list:

The Beano. (2015, July 25). The wrath of Gnasher (pp. 40-42). London: Beano Publishing.

Command Papers

To be made up of:

Name of committee or Royal Commission
Year of publication 
Title (in italics)
Page number
Publication details

In-text citation:

Useful advice (Lord Chancellor’s Department, 2000)…

Reference list:

Lord Chancellor’s Department. (2000). Government policy on referencing (Cm 4517)London: The Stationery Office.

Company Annual Report

To be made up of:

Author or organisation
Year of publication
Title of report (in italics)
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:

The company expanded massively during the first half of the year (BSkyB Ltd, 2012).

Reference list:

BSkyB Ltd. (2012). Annual Report 2012. Retrieved from http://annualreview2012.sky.com

Computer Game

To be made up of:

Author
Year of production
Title of game
Media type
Production details

In-text citation:

Games such as Rome: Total War (The Creative Assembly, 2004)…

Reference list:

The Creative Assembly. (2004). Rome: Total war [Computer video game]. London: The Game Company.

Computer Program

To be made up of:

Author
Year of production
Title of programme
Media type
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:

It has been found that (Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, 1994)…

Reference list:

Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. (1994). Epi Info (Version 6) [Computer program]. Retrieved from http://www.cdcp.com/download.html

Concert

To be made up of:

Artist
Date of concert
Title of concert (in italics)
Location of concert

In-text citation:

Rush (2015) truly wowed the audience…

Reference list:

Rush. (2015, March 19). Greatest Hits Tour. York, UK: Bishopthorpe Social Club.

Conference Paper (in a digital repository)

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication
Title of paper (in single quotation marks)
Title of conference (in tialics)
Organisation or company
Location and date of conference

 

In-text citation:

Jones (2003) revoked the theory…

...(Dowling, 2000)...

Reference list:

Jones, S. (2003) ‘Is there a correct way to reference?’ Workshop on referencing in universities, Main Library, University of Birmingham, UK, 30 March - 2 April 2003. 

Dowling, P. D. (2000, 3-5 July). A manifesto for design and the charistmatic intellectual. Paper presented at the Education for Social Democracies: Changing Forms and Sites Conference, London, IOE.

Conference Paper (individual)

To be made up of:

Author of paper
Year of publication 
Title of paper (in single quotation marks)
Title of conference (in italics)
Location and date of conference
Place of publication: publisher

In-text citation:

Jones (1999) explained…

(Wilkinson, 1999)

Reference list:

Jones D. (1999). ‘Developing big business’. In Large firms policy and research conference (University of Birmingham, 1999 December 18-19). Leeds: Institute for Large Businesses.

Wilkinson, R. (1999). Sociology as a marketing feast. In M. Collis, L. Munro, & S. Russell (Eds.), Sociology for the New Millennium.Papers presented at The Australian Sociological Association, held at Monash University, Melbourne, 7-10 December (pp. 281-289). Churchill, Victoria: Celts.

Conference Proceeding

To be made up of:

Author/editor
Year of publication 
Title of conference (in italics)
Location and date of conference
Place of publication: publisher

In-text citation:

The conference (Institute for Large Businesses, 1999)…

(Bickman & Ellis, 1990)

Reference list:

Institute for Large Businesses. (1999). Large firms policy and research conference (University of Birmingham, 1999 December 18-19)Leeds: Institute for Large Businesses.

Bickman, L., & Ellis, H. (Eds.). (1990). Preparing psychologists for the 21st century: Proceedings of the National Conference on Graduate Education in Psychology, University of Utah, 1988. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

Conference Proceedings (published online)

To be made up of:

Author
Year of production
Title of paper (single quotation marks)
In title of conference (in italics)
Location and date of conference
Publication details
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:

Jones (1999) explained…

(Balakrishnan, 2006)

Reference list:

Jones D. (1999). ‘Developing big business’. In Large firms policy and research conference (University of Birmingham, 1999 December 18-19). Leeds: Institute for Large Businesses. Retrieved from http://www.bigbusinesses.co.uk/jonesd

Balakrishnan, R. (2006, 25-26 March). Why aren't we using 3d user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. doi:10.1109/VR.2006.148

Confidential Information

To be made up of:

Anonymised institution/agency (in square brackets)
Year of report
Anonymised title (in italics)
Location
Publisher is simply the anonymised institution/agency (again, with square brackets)

In-text citation:

The records they produced (Placement hospital 2014)…

Reference list:

[Placement hospital]. (2014). [Placement hospital] examination criteria for patients with dementia. London: [placement hospital].

Dataset

Dataset

To be made up of:

Author/Rights Holder

Year of publication

Title of dataset

(Version number)

[Description of form]

Location

Name of Producer or Retrieved from

In-text citation:

The data produced by Pew Hispanic Center  (2009) found that…

Reference list:

Pew Hispanic Center. (2009). 2007 Hispanic Healthcare Survey [Data file and code book]. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/datasets/

Display

To be made up of:

Title of exhibition (in italics)
Year of exhibition
Location
Display board at…

In-text citation:

It is obvious (Paintings of John Doe, 2012)…

Reference list:

Paintings of John Doe (exhibition).(2012). Pontefract, UK: Display board at Alex Davids Art Gallery.

DVD

To be made up of:

Director
Year of production
Title of DVD
Media type
Production details

In-text citation:

When the story was told (Spielberg, 1998)

(Moore, 2003)

Reference list:

Spielberg, S. (1998). Saving Private Ryan [DVD]. Hollywood: Paramount Pictures.

Moore, M. (Writer/Director). (2003). Bowling for Columbine[DVD]. Melbourne, VIC: AV Channel.