Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Referencing with APA: Examples I-L

Inscription on Building

To be made up of:

House of…
Year of publication 
Title (in italics)
Paper number
Publication details

In-text citation:

Parliamentary reports for the year included renewable energy (House of Lords, 2004).

Reference list:

House of Lords. (2004). Electricity from renewables: the first report. (HL 2003-2004 (19)). London: The Stationary Office.

Inscription on Monument

To be made up of:

Name of deceased (in single quotation marks)
Year of production
Media type
Location

In-text citation:

The gravestone of the man (‘Smith’, 2014)…

Reference list:

‘Smith, James’. (2014). Monument inscription, St Andrew’s Churchyard, Bishopthorpe, York, UK.

Installation

To be made up of:

Artist
Date of installation
Title (in italics)
Location

In-text citation:

It was clear (Thompson, 2009) that…

Reference list:

Thompson, J. (2009, January 4). My house. London: Tate Modern

Internal Report (unpublished)

To be made up of:

Author/organisation
Year of report
Title of report (in italics)
Internal report (include name of institution)
Unpublished

In-text citation:

Recommendations in the report (Hegenbarth, 2014)…

Reference list:

Hegenbarth, L. (2014). Focus group recommendations. Internal LGU report: unpublished.

Interview (online)

To be made up of:

Name of person interviewed
Date of interview
Title of interview (in italics)
Interview by… for…
Production details (if relevant)
Retrieved from…

In-text citation:

Jones was clearly out of his depth (2009).

Reference list:

Jones, K. (2009). Interview with Kevin Jones (interviewed by Steven Poulter for Newsnight). Retrieved from http://iplayer.co.uk/Newsnight/march7

Interview (newspaper)

To be made up of:

Name of person interviewed
Date of interview
Title of interview (in italics)
Interview by… for…
Page references (if relevant)

In-text citation:

Jones (2009, p. 88) believed…

Reference list:

Jones, K. (2009, July 7). Interview with Kevin Jones (interview by Steven Poulter for The Times).

Interview (television)

To be made up of:

Name of person interviewed
Date of interview
Title of interview (in italics)
Interview by… for…
Production details

In-text citation:

Jones was clearly out of his depth (2009)…

Reference list:

Jones, K. (2009, February 5). Interview with Kevin Jones (interview by Steven Poulter for Newsnight). London: BBC Two Television.

Interview (with a film director)

To be made up of:

Name of person interviewed
Year of interview
Title (in italics)
Interviewed by…
Media type
Production details

In-text citation:

The directors were incredibly pleased with the outcome (Wachowski, 2003)…

Reference list:

Wachowski, L. (2003). Interview with L. Wachowski (interviewed by Laurence Smith on ‘The Matrix Reloaded’ (DVD)). Los Angeles: Warner Brothers Inc.

Journal Article

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title of article
Title of journal (in italics)
Volume number (in italics)
Issue (in round brackets), page numbers 


In-text citation:

In their review of the literature (Knapik et al., 2015)…

(Skelton, 2011) ....

(Hyland & Tse, 2007, p. 235) ....

 

Reference list:

Knapik, J.J., Cosio-Lima, L.M., & Reynolds, K. L. (2015). Efficacy of functional movement screening for predicting injuries in coast guard cities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29(5), 1157-1162.

Hyland, K. & Tse, P. (2007). Is there an "academic vocabulary"? TESOL Quarterly 41 (2), 235-253.

Skelton, A. (2011). Value conflicts in higher education teaching. Teaching in Higher Education, 17(3), 257-268.

Journal Article (accessed from a database)

1. Without a DOI (using a URL)

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title of article
Title of journal (in italics)
Volume number (in italics)
Issue (in round brackets), page numbers
Available at…

 

In-text citation:

In their review of the literature (Knapik, Cosio-Lima & Reynolds, 2015, p. 87) suggested that ...   Subsequently, the investigation resulted in ... (Knapik et al., 2015)…

Reference list:

Knapik, J J., Cosio-Lima, L.M., and Reynolds, K.L. (2015) Efficacy of functional movement screening for predicting injuries in coast guard cadets. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (5), pp. 1157-1162. EDUC 1028: E-learning. Available at: http://intranet.bir.ac.uk

 

2. With a DOI

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title of article
Title of journal (in italics)
Volume number (in italics)
Issue (in round brackets), page numbers
doi: 

In-text citation:

In their review of the literature(Vogels, Crone, Hoekstra, & Reijneveld, 2009)....  Subsequently, (Vogels et al., 2009) ....

Reference list:

Vogels, A. G. C., Crone, M. R., Hoekstra, F., & Reijneveld, S.A. (2009). Comparing three short questionnaires to detect psychosocial dysfunction among primary school children: a randomized method. BMC Public Health 9, 489.doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-489

Journal Article (accessed via Moodle)

1. Without a DOI (using a URL)

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title of article
Title of journal (in italics)
Volume number (in italics)
Issue (in round brackets), page numbers
Available at…

In-text citation:

In their review of the literature (Knapik et al., 2015, p. 87)…

Reference list:

Knapik, J J., Cosio-Lima, L.M., and Reynolds, K.L. (2015) Efficacy of functional movement screening for predicting injuries in coast guard cadets. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (5), pp. 1157-1162. EDUC 1028: E-learning. Available at: http://intranet.bir.ac.uk

 

2. With a DOI

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication (in round brackets)
Title of article
Title of journal (in italics)
Volume number (in italics)
Issue (in round brackets), page numbers
doi: 

 

In-text citation:

In their review of the literature (Knapik et al., 2015, p. 87)…

Reference list:

Knapik, J J., Cosio-Lima, L.M., and Reynolds, K.L. (2015) Efficacy of functional movement screening for predicting injuries in coast guard cadets. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (5), pp. 1157-1162. EDUC 1028: E-learning. doi: 16310.1186/1471-2474-14-197.

Journal Article (pre-publication)

To be made up of:

Author (surname followed by initials)
Year of posting (in round brackets)
Title of the article
Journal title (in italics)
Advance online publication
URL or doi of the journal's home page

 

In-text citation:

Several scientists have encountered a problem in this area (Jones, Kree & Rigby, 2014).

Reference list:

Jones, J., Kree, J., & Rigby, P. (2014) Aerobic Capacity. Manuscript submitted for publication. 

Journal Article (with more than three authors)

To be made up of:

Authors
Year of publication
Title
Journal title
Journal volume, page numbers

In-text citation:

Research (Jennings, Merrell, Thompson & Heinrich, 2015) suggests…

Reference list:

Jennings, H.M., Merrell, J., Thompson, J.L., & Heinrich, M. (2015). Food or medicine? Journal of Ethnopharmology, 167, 97-105.

Law Commission Report and Consultation

To be made up of:

Law commission
Year of publication 
Title of report or consultation paper (in italics)
Number of report or consultation paper, Command Paper number (if given)
Publication details

In-text citation:

The report (Crime Commission, 2012)…

Reference list:

Crime Commission. (2012). Prosecution Appeals (Law Com No 567, Cm 8906). London: The Stationery Office.

Leaflet

To be made up of:

Author
Date viewed 
Title (in italics)
Leaflet obtained in…

In-text citation:

Barclays Bank plc (no date) provides insurance for many families.

Reference list:

Barclays Bank plc. (no date). Mortgages (leaflet obtained in York branch, 2015).

Liner Notes

To be made up of:

Author
Year of production
Media type
In album (in italics)
Media type
Production details

In-text citation:

“I lie awake, staring out at the bleakness of Megadon” (Peart, 1976)…

Reference list:

Peart, N. (1976). [Liner notes]. In 2112 [CD]. Toronto: Toronto Sound Studio.

Lines in a Play

To be made up of:

Author
Year of publication
Title
Editor
Publication details

In-text citation:

‘I prithee do not mock me fellow student’ (Shakespeare, 1998, 1.2:177)…

Reference list:

Shakespeare, W. (1998). Hamlet. In K. Bryant (ed). London: Penguin