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Introduction to Law: Primary and Secondary Legal Sources

Primary Sources

Primary sources are statutory law (and other original sources under state law) and treaty law.  For example, in Central Asia primary law consists of the constitutions and the statutory laws of each individual Central Asian state.  These are often available online from an official government source, such as the state’s Justice Ministry.

Republic of Tajikistan

International Treaties

Constitutional Law



Presidential Decrees and Orders

Courts Decisions (Examples)

Guide to Law, general

National Institutions  

Example of Bilateral Agreement 

Kyrgyz Republic

Republics of Afghanistan and Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Secondary Sources

Secondary sources consist of scholarly articles that discuss the law. These are most commonly available in law journals published by law schools and legal organizations.